Adaptive V/UV Speech Detection Based on Characterization of Background Noise
© F. Beritelli et al. 2009
Received: 9 October 2008
Accepted: 24 June 2009
Published: 9 September 2009
The paper presents an adaptive system for Voiced/Unvoiced (V/UV) speech detection in the presence of background noise. Genetic algorithms were used to select the features that offer the best V/UV detection according to the output of a background Noise Classifier (NC) and a Signal-to-Noise Ratio Estimation (SNRE) system. The system was implemented, and the tests performed using the TIMIT speech corpus and its phonetic classification. The results were compared with a nonadaptive classification system and the V/UV detectors adopted by two important speech coding standards: the V/UV detection system in the ETSI ES 202 212 v1.1.2 and the speech classification in the Selectable Mode Vocoder (SMV) algorithm. In all cases the proposed adaptive V/UV classifier outperforms the traditional solutions giving an improvement of 25% in very noisy environments.
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