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Table 4 Emotion recognition rates achieved by the perceptual features and the state-of-the-art systems for EMO-DB and VAM corpus

From: Perceptual audio features for emotion detection

  All (%) Arousal (%) Valence (%)
  UA WA UA WA UA WA
EMO-DB
   openEAR [8] 84.6 85.6 96.8 96.8 87.0 88.1
   HTK [7] 73.2 77.1 91.5 91.5 78.0 80.4
   GerDa [9] 79.1 81.9 97.6 97.4 82.2 87.5
   P-SVM 86.3 85.9 95.2 95.1 94.3 95.6
   P-GMM 92.5 90.4 92.1 90.0 91.9 95.2
VAM
   openEAR [8] 37.6 65.0 72.4 72.4 48.1 85.4
   HTK [7] 38.4 70.2 76.5 76.5 49.2 89.9
   GerDa [9] 39.3 68.0 78.4 77.1 52.4 92.3
   P-SVM 61.3 76.2 69.4 71.7 59.9 83.3
   P-GMM 60.2 74.1 66.1 70.8 58.0 69.1