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Table 2 Mean formant RMSEs in percentage of each vowel in each syllable

From: Identifying underlying articulatory targets of Thai vowels from acoustic data based on an analysis-by-synthesis approach

Vowel First syllable Second syllable
F1 F2 F3 F1 F2 F3
/a:/ 9.8 4.0 6.0 8.7 4.2 6.2
/i:/ 8.1 3.7 8.3 6.9 5.4 7.1
/u:/ 4.9 8.4 6.9 6.9 7.9 8.0
/e:/ 2.8 5.1 4.1 4.3 5.1 4.6
/ϵ:/ 9.9 7.8 3.7 7.6 6.6 5.2
/ɯ:/ 7.3 6.2 4.3 7.1 5.3 5.1
/ɤ:/ 4.1 3.2 2.3 5.0 3.9 3.9
/o:/ 6.4 4.2 7.8 6.0 4.4 8.6
/ɔ:/ 8.3 2.9 5.9 6.8 3.8 6.4
  1. The percentage value is calculated relative to the original formant averages.