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Table 1 Three fully crossed factors for the perceptual study: vowel duration, stop duration and percentage of stop voicing maintenance

From: Production and perception of velar stop (de)voicing in European Portuguese and Italian

Factor Continuum levels
Stop duration (ms) 100, 125, 150
Vowel duration (ms) 70, 100, 130
Voicing maintenance (%) 0, 12.5, 25, 37.5, 50, 75, 100
  1. The 0% and 100% voicing maintenance correspond to a fully devoiced and a fully voiced stimulus, respectively.