Example of F0 contour estimation of the four methods for German. (a) F0’s and phonetic syllable transcription. (b and c) Commands for Mixdorff’s manual (M-ME) and automatic (A-ME) methods. (d and e) Commands for tonal (T-ME) and lexical (L-ME) methods of estimation. RMS error in ST for a whole sentence were included. The sentence corresponds to a portion of a long sentence, and for the text ‘Das Atomkraftwerk Mühlheim-Kehrlich bleibt abgeschaltet’ (‘The nuclear power plant Mühlheim-Kehrlich stays shut down’).