Skip to main content

Table 3 Base vocalic formant center frequencies, bandwidths, and amplitudes

From: Cantor Digitalis: chironomic parametric synthesis of singing

    Formant values of the generic voice (Hz, dB, Hz)
    \(F_{i_{G}}\) \(A_{i_{G}}\) \(B_{i_{G}}\)
Vowel V H 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5
/i/ 1 0 215 1900 2630 3170 3710 10 18 20 30 40 −10 −10 −8 −4 −15
/e/ 1 1/3 410 2000 2570 2980 3900 10 15 20 30 40 −1 −3 −2 −2 −5
/3/ 1 2/3 590 1700 2540 2800 3900 10 15 30 50 40 0 −4 −5 −12 −24
/y/ 1/2 0 250 1750 2160 3060 3900 10 10 20 30 40 −12 −9 −14 −11 −11
/œ/ 1/2 1/3 350 1350 2250 3170 3900 10 10 20 30 40 −6 −3 −8 −8 −10
/ø/ 1/2 2/3 620 1300 2520 3310 3900 10 10 20 30 40 −3 −3 −3 −7 −14
/u/ 0 0 290 750 2300 3080 3900 10 10 20 30 40 −6 −8 −13 −8 −9
/o/ 0 1/3 440 750 2160 2860 3900 10 12 20 30 40 −6 −1 −10 −6 −28
/O/ 0 2/3 610 950 2510 2830 3900 10 12 20 30 40 −3 0 −12 −15 −20
/a/ 1 700 1200 2500 2800 3600 13 13 40 60 40 0 0 −5 −7 −24
  1. The sixth formant is defined by \(F_{6_{G}}=2F_{4_{G}}, A_{6_{G}}=-15\) dB, and \(B_{6_{G}}=150\) Hz irrespective of the vowel