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Table 5 Average bit error rates (in percentage) for three compared watermarking methods under various attacks

From: Effective blind speech watermarking via adaptive mean modulation and package synchronization in DWT domain

Attack type DWT-SVD LWT-DCT-SVD DWT-AMM DWT-AMMa (3) DWT-AMMd (3)
0. none 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
A 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.03
B 0.00 0.00 0.76 0.50 0.95
C 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.03
D 19.57 25.07 3.66 0.21 49.45
E 50.05 29.06 49.68 46.61 8.96
F 46.33 31.82 0.00 0.00 0.00
G 0.00 0.00 0.73 0.34 1.38
H 0.00 0.00 3.46 1.56 9.32
I 53.14 57.48 1.69 0.82 4.08
J 1.22 1.92 0.02 0.01 0.01
K 2.21 3.43 0.94 0.86 10.92
L 1.07 0.83 0.91 0.70 2.22
M 0.58 0.33 0.81 0.53 2.55
N 5.35 14.47 1.64 0.67 28.80