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Table 6 Performance comparison of the proposed system (F female singers, M male singers)

From: Robust singer identification of Indian playback singers

Acoustic feature Experimental database Song duration Song level accuracy Remarks
Formant + HSE + Vibrato + timbre Bollywood singers
26 singers (10F, 16 M)
550 songs
3–9 s 86% Proposed work
Method I: Carnatic interval cepstral coefficients
Method II: MFCC
[29]
Carnatic singers
6 singers
116 songs
Method I: 87%
Method II: 56%
Lower singer dataset
Timbre [30] North Indian singers
10 singers
5 s 58.33% Lower singer dataset
Timbre + pitch + MFCC + LPC [31] 6 singers (2F, 4 M)
300 songs
180 s 81% Audio portion taken from video songs. Lower singer dataset
MFCC + spectral features [32] Tamil singers
3 singers (2F, 1 M)
300 video songs
10 s 95% Audio portion taken from video songs. Lower singer dataset
Cepstral mean subtracted MFCC [34] Bollywood singers
20 singers (6F, 14 M)
500 songs
60–166 s 84.5% Longer Song duration
Perceptual linear prediction [50] Tamil singers
10 singers (5F, 5 M)
200 songs
20 s 55.56% Lower singer dataset