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Table 13 Stops classified (based on oral airflow) as having weak and strong voicing, applying the 70% threshold. Stops are classified using mean phone1-2–phone2-3 values

From: The aerodynamics of voiced stop closures

70% threshold classification[b] (%)[d] (%)[ɡ] (%)[b, d, ɡ] (%)
♂SP1
Weak voicing5047734
Strong voicing50539366
♂SP2
Weak voicing796210076
Strong voicing2138024
♀SP3
Weak voicing19221418
Strong voicing81788682
♀SP4
Weak voicing100948894
Strong voicing06136
♂♀All
Weak voicing62604757
Strong voicing38405343