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Table 7 Mean (standard deviation) absolute values (OA), number of tokens and median absolute values of oral airflow. Columns designated as (1) present values for a 20 ms window centred in the phone preceding the target stop; (2) a 10 ms window centred in the middle of the closure; (3) a 20 ms window centred in the phone after the target stop

From: The aerodynamics of voiced stop closures

 [b][d][ɡ] 
Phone123123123
♂SP1244.2 (37.0)74.2 (27.2)238.1 (31.4)230.6 (24.0)83.4 (31.4)220.1 (23.8)227.0 (27.7)101.1 (34.2)227.7 (31.8)Mean (standard deviation) OA (cm3/s)
151212151514141413Number of tokens
244.674.8233.6228.575.9217.4229.1103.2221.3Median OA (cm3/s)
♂SP2490.4 (76.4)107.9 (59.4)390.5 (124.2)475.4 (82.0)123.9 (46.8)401.6 (87.3)453.4 (101.8)69.1 (32.4)402.7 (105.6)Mean (standard deviation) OA (cm3/s)
14141413131415715Number of tokens
491.6100.8402.4461.1105.5409.2458.772.6387.4Median OA (cm3/s)
♀SP3107.5 (17.2)41.5 (17.1)119.3 (43.5)125.1 (28.6)47.8 (29.2)127.9 (38.8)104.0 (22.4)61.6 (23.9)119.3 (32.8)Mean (standard deviation) OA (cm3/s)
15161215916151416Number of tokens
107.539.5118.2130.444.6127.6102.970.8120.2Median OA (cm3/s)
♀SP4285.3 (51.1)51.0 (12.4)280.9 (62.6)296.6 (88.7)29.8 (11.0)258.3 (83.1)271.9 (49.5)38.8 (21.7)248.4 (72.8)Mean (standard deviation) OA (cm3/s)
151615151615151616Number of tokens
305.748.5286.6295.728.8268.2269.133.5255.4Median OA (cm3/s)
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