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Table 8 Mean (standard deviation) relative values of oral airflow (A12 and A23), number of tokens and median relative values of oral airflow

From: The aerodynamics of voiced stop closures

Oral airflow (%)
 [b] [d] [ɡ]  
Phones1-22-31-22-31-22-3
♂SP171.6 (10.4)69.0 (10.2)65.4 (12.5)62.2 (15.5)55.0 (16.7)52.4 (13.6)Mean (standard deviation) rel. A (%)
111114141312Number of tokens
70.267.871.269.758.458.4Median rel. A (%)
♂SP277.5 (10.0)66.2 (28.4)74.5 (10.2)66.4 (17.3)85.3 (6.8)78.6 (11.9)Mean (standard deviation) rel. A (%)
1213111277Number of tokens
77.074.577.674.082.979.8Median rel. A (%)
♀SP360.9 (18.2)64.7 (17.8)54.0 (15.2)64.5 (17.3)41.8 (22.7)50.7 (15.8)Mean (standard deviation) rel. A (%)
1512891314Number of tokens
62.163.857.062.338.751.1Median rel. A (%)
♀SP481.5 (4.3)81.5 (5.6)88.4 (6.8)86.3 (9.4)85.7 (7.2)81.6 (13.4)Mean (standard deviation) rel. A (%)
151515151516Number of tokens
81.481.990.188.985.787.1Median rel. A (%)