Open Access

Efficient Multichannel NLMS Implementation for Acoustic Echo Cancellation

  • Fredric Lindstrom1Email author,
  • Christian Schüldt2 and
  • Ingvar Claesson2
EURASIP Journal on Audio, Speech, and Music Processing20072007:078439

DOI: 10.1155/2007/78439

Received: 31 May 2006

Accepted: 14 November 2006

Published: 14 February 2007

Abstract

An acoustic echo cancellation structure with a single loudspeaker and multiple microphones is, from a system identification perspective, generally modelled as a single-input multiple-output system. Such a system thus implies specific echo-path models (adaptive filter) for every loudspeaker to microphone path. Due to the often large dimensionality of the filters, which is required to model rooms with standard reverberation time, the adaptation process can be computationally demanding. This paper presents a selective updating normalized least mean square (NLMS)-based method which reduces complexity to nearly half in practical situations, while showing superior convergence speed performance as compared to conventional complexity reduction schemes. Moreover, the method concentrates the filter adaptation to the filter which is most misadjusted, which is a typically desired feature.

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Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Konftel AB, Research and Development
(2)
Department of Signal Processing, Blekinge Institute of Technology

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Copyright

© Fredric Lindstrom et al. 2007

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.