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Table 2 Most representative tags and corresponding artists for each of the 19 clusters

From: Semantic structures of timbre emerging from social and acoustic descriptions of music

ID Tags closest to cluster centroids Top artists in the cluster
1 energetic, powerful, hot Amy Adams, Fred Astaire, Kelly Clarkson
2 dreamy, chill out, sleep Nick Drake, Radiohead, Massive Attack
3 sardonic, sarcastic, cynical Alabama 3, Yann Tiersen, Tom Waits
4 awesome, amazing, great Guns N' Roses, U2, Metallica
5 cello, piano, cello rock Camille Saint-Saëns, Tarja Turunen, Franz Schubert
6 00s, sexy, catchy Fergie, Lily Allen, Amy Winehouse
7 mellow, beautiful, sad Katie Melua, Phil Collins, Coldplay
8 hard, angry, aggressive System of a Down, Black Sabbath, Metallica
9 60s, 70s, legendary Simon & Garfunkel, Janis Joplin, The Four Tops
10 feelgood, summer, cheerful Mika, Goo Goo Dolls, Shekinah Glory Ministry
11 wistful, intimate, reflective Soulsavers, Feist, Leonard Cohen
12 high school, 90's, essential Fool's Garden, The Cardigans, No Doubt
13 50s, saxophone, trumpet Miles Davis, Thelonious Monk, Charles Mingus
14 1980s, eighties, voci maschili Ray Parker Jr., Alphaville, Michael Jackson
15 affirming, lyricism, life song Lisa Stansfield, KT Tunstall, Katie Melua
16 choral, a capella, medieval Mediæval Bæbes, Alison Krauss, Blackmore's Night
17 voce femminile, donna, bella topolina Avril Lavigne, The Cranberries, Diana Krall
18 tangy, coy, sleek Kylie Minogue, Ace of Base, Solange
19 rousing, exuberant, passionate James Brown, Does It Offend You, Yeah?, Tchaikovsky