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Table 1 Emotion classes and number of instances for each class, mappings to ternary arousal (0–2) and valence (− 0 +)

From: Emotion in the singing voice—a deeperlook at acoustic features in the light ofautomatic classification

Emotion Number of instances Arousal Valence
Neutral, no expression 24 1 0
Fear 30 2
Passionate love 24 1 +
Tense arousal 24 1
Animated joy 31 2 +
Triumphant pride 30 1 +
Anger 29 2
Sadness 30 0
Tenderness 30 0 +
Calm/serenity 24 0 0
Condescension 24 0